European land grab in Africa
The amount of land being taken in Africa to meet Northern countries’ increasing demand for biofuels is underestimated and out of control, investigations by Friends of the Earth have revealed.
The research, which looked at eleven African countries, found at least five million hectares of land – an area the size of Denmark – is being acquired by foreign companies to produce biofuels mainly for Northern markets.
The practice – known as land grabbing – is increasing and is dominated by European and Chinese companies. However with official public information largely absent, current figures are likely to be only a snapshot and gross underestimates.
The report, Africa: Up For Grabs reveals how local communities are having their land taken and there are few safeguards for local community land rights. Forests and natural vegetation are being cleared, and biofuels are competing with food crops for farmland.
Mariann Bassey, food and agriculture coordinator for Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria said:
“The expansion of biofuels on our continent is transforming forests and natural vegetation into fuel crops, taking away food-growing farmland from communities, and creating conflicts with local people over land ownership. We want real investment in agriculture that allows us to produce food and not fuel for foreign cars."
In Tanzania, Madagascar and Ghana there have been protests following land-grabs by foreign companies. Even more land will be required for biofuels if the European Union is to meet its political targets to increase transport fuels from renewable sources, according to the research.
Adrian Bebb, food and agriculture campaigner for Friends of the Earth Europe, said:
“Our research shows that Europe’s demand for biofuels is a major driver of land grabbing in Africa. Local communities are facing increasing hunger and food insecurity just so rich countries can fuel their cars. The EU must urgently scrap its biofuel policy. We must invest instead in environmentally friendly agriculture and decrease the energy we use for transport.”
FoE has published a map showing the full scale of the problems and a list of companies involved in growing biofuels in Africa.